A Look Back...
Although the roots of the breed are relatively obscure, it is thought that the Doberman Pinscher originated in Germany around 1900, taking its name from tax collector Louis Dobermann of Apolda, who desired a medium size dog to perform as a guard dog as well as companion. Breeds utilized to develop the Doberman Pinscher may have included the old shorthaired shepherd, Rottweiler, Black and Tan Terrier and the German Pinscher.
- Working Group; AKC recognized in 1908.
- Ranging in size from 24 to 28 inches tall at the shoulder.
- Guardian, family companion.
APPLICATION: Companion, protection and working dog
F.C.I. CLASSIFICATION: Group 2: -Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Molossian type and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type with working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The Dobermann is the only German breed which bears the name of its original breeder, Friedrich Louis Dobermann ( 02.01.1834 - 09.06.1894 ). He has believed to be a tax collector, offal abbatoir manager (knacker) and a part time dog catcher, legally able to catch all stray dogs. He bred animals from this reservoir that were particularly sharp. The so called "butcher's dogs" which were already considered a relatively pure at that time, played a most important role in the origination of the Dobermann breed. These dogs were an early type of Rottweiler, mixed with a type of a shepard which existed in "Thüringen" as a black dog with rust red markings. Herr Dobermann bred with this mixture of dogs in the Eighteen Seventies. Thus he obtained "his breed" : not only alert but highly protective working and house dogs. They were often used as a guard and police dogs. Their extensive use in police work led to the nickname "Gendarme dogs". They were used in hunting to control large vermin. In these circumstances it was a matter of course that the Dobermann was recognized officially as a Police Dog by the beginning of the century. The Dobermann breed requires a medium sized, powerful, muscular dog. Despite his substance he shall be elegant and noble, which will be evident in his body line. He must be exceptionally suitable as a companion, protection and working dog as also as a family dog.